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Gender and Geography

  • By: Ann M. Oberhauser
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The geographical analysis of gender, or simply gender geography, has experienced significant growth since its origins in the 1970s. This field of study has developed from early research on spatial patterns of women's activities to more recent analyses of how spatial processes are linked to gender identities and feminist methodology. Gender and other social relations have been incorporated into nearly all areas of the discipline and brought feminist perspectives to issues such as urban planning, globalization, and, more recently, geographic information science (GIScience).

Gender geography seeks to analyze how gendered social processes are linked to space, place, and scale. In this discussion, gender is defined as a social construct mediated by various axes of power that include race, class, ethnicity, and sexuality. The social construction of ...

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