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Gated Community

  • By: Anne-Marie Séguin
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

A gated community is a specific form of residential development that is becoming increasingly widespread in many developed and some developing countries. In the most inclusive definitions, a gated community is described as a residential area surrounded by a wall or other means of enclosure, with access controlled at a gate. Specialists require two added criteria. The residential area must be governed by a local governing body, a community association, which is a contractual association responsible for ensuring adherence to regulations and for providing local civic goods and services and whose resources derive from fees paid by the residents. The gated community must also have amenities or infrastructures that are normally publicly owned and operated, such as a park or a street, but are in ...

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