• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Annales school

  • By: Kevin Archer
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The founders of the French Annales School of history, Lucien Febvre (1878–1956) and Marc Bloch (1886–1944), as well as its most prominent late-20th-century member, Fernand Braudel (1902–1985), were all heavily influenced by geography, both in their formative education and in their subsequent historical research. Febvre and Bloch were students of the French geographer Vidal de la Blache at the École Normale Supérieur, and Braudel fully absorbed the founders’ enthusiasm for la tradition vidalienne (Vidalian tradition).

Specifically, Annalistes took from Vidal the notion that geographical landscapes are the result of human and natural processes in mutual adaptation, both historically and in the present. The constraints and opportunities provided by the environing natural environment thus play a crucial role in terms of the manner in which humans materially ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles