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Environment and Development

  • By: Thembela Kepe
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The concept of environment and development is an attempt to integrate economic development policy-making and environmental considerations. It encompasses an acknowledgment that millions of people worldwide still live in poverty; that there is continued unequal access to the resources needed for a decent livelihood; and that there is a need for economic growth and that many human activities, including the quest for survival, put a strain on the environment. Since the early 1970s, environment and development has gradually gained momentum as an organizing concept for debates and policies on economic development and environmental conservation. It has found its way into the language of international bodies and agreements addressing environment and development, the policies and legislation of many countries, subfield or related individual courses of study ...

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