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Environmental Certification

  • By: Dorothea Kleine
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Environmental certification is a procedure by which a third or second party gives written assurance that a product, process, or service is in conformity with certain environmental standards. It is used to give environmentally conscious consumers assurances on environmental aspects of the product or service itself or the production process.

Process

The producer (first party) or the buyer (second party) applies for certification to a third party that has created or adheres to a set of standards. Product standards are specifications and criteria characterizing products, while process standards characterize the way products are made or services are delivered. Process standards can be further subdivided into management system standards, which set criteria for management procedures such as monitoring and documenting, and performance standards, which define what actually happens, ...

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