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Energy Models

  • By: Timothy Lawrence Johnson
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Energy models characterize the energy system, its evolution, and its interactions with the broader economy. The energy system consists of primary resources, including both fossil fuels and renewable sources; electric power plants, refineries, and other technologies to process and convert these resources into secondary energy carriers such as electricity and gasoline; technologies such as furnaces and light-duty vehicles that use these energy carriers to meet demands for energy services; and end-use demands for services such as indoor space heating and personal transportation.

Attention to energy has increased with growing concern over global imbalances between the demand and supply of petroleum resources, as well as the need to mitigate global climate change and other environmental impacts related to energy use. Understanding the role energy plays in these ...

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