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Economic Geography

  • By: Trevor J. Barnes & Jayme Walenta
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Economic geography is one of the most diverse, vibrant, and catalytic subdisciplines within human geography. It is concerned with describing and explaining the varied places and spaces in which economic activities are carried out and circulate. It was institutionalized as a subdiscipline during the late 19th century in both Western Europe and the United States. Initially connected to projects of empire (especially in its earliest form, commercial geography), economic geography has since been through a series of intellectual transformations, including a regional approach, spatial science, radical political economy, and, most recently, a “cultural turn.” Each new framework, however, has rarely eradicated the previous one. Rather, economic geography is more like a palimpsest, with previous versions and approaches to the discipline continuing to remain at least ...

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