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Distribution of Resource Access

  • By: Kimberley E. Medley
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Resource access describes a relationship between humans and their needs and wants as obtained from the surrounding environment. A geographic analysis of the relationship evaluates how humans differ in the ways they acquire resources at different localities and, more important, the local and extralocal factors that influence their ability to acquire these resources. Much research on resource access is embedded in a broader study of human-resource relationships that also considers resource availability and the resource use practices of humans. For example, applied research and development planning regarding food security evaluates how the natural endowment of resources and production strategies influences food availability, how household incomes can be provided and improved to gain access to food resources, and how household practices and individual discrimination influence ...

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