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Critical GIS

  • By: Nadine Schuurman
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Critical GIS incorporates both social theory and geographic information science (GIS) with the goal of increasing the relevance of GIS to multiple communities. The critical GIS agenda is concerned with science and technology studies, feminism, ontologies, and qualitative and participatory GIS.

While critical GIS emerged from critiques by human geographers, it has morphed in the 2000s into a creative blend of human and technical geography that has the potential to uniquely shape GIS and obliquely influence other information sciences. There are a number of issues that contribute to an understanding of critical GIS. They include its history, its relationship to science and technology studies (STS), feminism and GIS, ontology research, and public participation GIS (PPGIS).

Critical GIS did not materialize as a cohesive entity in the ...

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