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Climate Types

  • By: Richard R. Brandt
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Climate is generally referred to as the average (or mean) weather, but it deals with much more, including variations from average values, extreme events, classification, and long-term changes. Climate is much better defined as the statistical summary of atmospheric elements, such as temperature and precipitation, at a location or over a region over a long period. The values of the statistics vary from one location to another based on the control factors. By using the statistics, knowledge of the control factors, and a classification system, it is possible to separate or group locations into climate types. Sometimes, two locations that are near one another have very different climates, while two other locations may be far apart and have very similar climates. There are many classification ...

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