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Chemical Spills, Environment, and Society

  • By: Olof Stjernström
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The use of chemicals and chemical products in the 21st century is comprehensive and widespread, and modern society depends on them. The chemical industry plays an important role in the industrial sectors of the economy, and many different chemicals are important in manufacturing, such as in pulp and paper, steel, aluminum, auto making, oil refining, and so on. In the agricultural production sector, chemicals are used in pesticides and as important ingredients in fertilizers. In the food sector, chemicals play a major role for processing foods. The transportation sector depends on fossil fuel products (gasoline and diesel). In our daily lives, we find chemicals everywhere. Some examples are flame retardants used in textiles in airplanes and public buildings and cosmetics, cleaning detergents, and paints used ...

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