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World Court

  • By: George W. White
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The World Court is the common name for the International Court of Justice (ICJ). It is the main judicial organ of the United Nations (UN) and is headquartered at the Peace Palace in The Hague (the Netherlands). It began functioning in 1946.

Its predecessor was the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), established in 1920 by the League of Nations. The Court's earlier roots can be traced back through The Hague Peace Conference of 1899, the Alabama Claims arbitration in 1872, and the Jay Treaty of 1794 between Britain and the United States.

The Peace Palace, also known as Vredespalais, in The Hague, the Netherlands. It houses the principal judicial body of the United Nations, the International Court of Justice, and the Permanent Court of Arbitration.
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