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War, Geography of

  • By: Francis A. Galgano
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

History and contemporary events have demonstrated that there is a ubiquitous and fundamental link between geography and military operations of all types (i.e., peacekeeping through war). The relationship between warfare and factors of geography such as terrain, weather, climate, and elements of the human landscape has always been evident. Likewise, the essential geographic concepts of location, time, space, and distance have a profound influence on military operations. Thus, military geography is defined as the application of the geographic discipline—its information, principles, tools, methodologies, and technologies—to the organization and implementation of the full spectrum of military operations.

Analytical Framework

Its publications, theory, and practice of war suggest that, at its core, military geography examines the characteristics of the environment within which military operations take place and that operations ...

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