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Bush Fallow Farming

  • By: Louis Awanyo
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Bush fallow farming currently occurs mainly in the humid tropics of Africa, South and Central America, southeast Asia, and parts of Oceania. In these regions, average temperatures for the coolest month are above 18 °C and annual precipitation exceeds potential evapotranspiration. Temperatures and moisture conditions in turn affect soil and vegetation characteristics. Soils are generally heavily weathered and lacking in basic nutrients, but on these soils grow a great biodiversity of plants in forest and savanna biomes. Bush fallow farming is a response and adaptation of farmers to this environment. It can be defined as an agricultural land use system and set of practices that is based on the rotation of land between different uses rather than a single permanent use, to achieve several agronomic ...

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