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Sustainable Cities

  • By: Isabel-María García-Sánchez & José-Manuel Prado-Lorenzo
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

A sustainable city is one that while providing a high quality of life to a diversified and plural society in the present, establishes the mechanisms necessary to ensure suitable economic and social growth in the long term while maintaining the natural resources of the environment. This will allow future generations of citizens to satisfy their needs on the same terms.

Initially, local governments were considered, from the economic and political points of view, as the most ill suited to resolve major and expensive environmental and social problems. However, in the agreements reached at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Earth Summit) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, it was established that many of the problems and solutions being addressed by Agenda 21, ...

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