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Spatial Statistics

  • By: Shouraseni Sen Roy
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The term spatial statistics encompasses the statistical processes used to analyze spatial data by incorporating spatial information. It involves the statistical analysis of spatial data. It has been successfully used in various fields for analyzing spatial patterns not evident by merely mapping the distribution over space. Over the years, the importance of incorporating the spatial component in drawing meaningful references for data points distributed over space has become increasingly evident. The long-established methods in classical statistics, though extremely useful for detailed interpretation of large data sets, are not able to account for spatial relationships in the distribution. Typical statistical measures most often do not incorporate the underlying spatial relationships among different variables. As a result, results drawn by classical statistical methods may not provide the ...

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