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Soil Erosion

  • By: Steven James Rainey
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Soil erosion refers to the removal of soil materials from their original location and their subsequent transport to another location through the action of wind, water, ice, biotic processes, or human activities. Under most natural conditions, soil-forming processes and soil erosion are in equilibrium. When the balance between these two forces is upset through the removal of the natural cover, soil erosion can accelerate and result in loss of the soil's capacity to support vegetation or in the soil's complete removal.

Factors Affecting Soil erosion

Factors affecting soil erosion include climate, soil properties, slope gradient and length, vegetation, and soil management practices. Drier climates mean less vegetation and less plant cover to protect the ground surface from raindrop impact and from the flow of water over the ...

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