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Soil Conservation

  • By: Steven James Rainey
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Soil conservation refers to the actions that humans undertake to ameliorate the effects of accelerated erosion caused by the clearing of vegetation for agriculture or for other types of human activity. Whenever humans clear a new environment of its protective vegetation cover, the soil is exposed to an increase in the erosional effects of rain, flowing water, and wind. If these processes of accelerated soil loss continue unabated, it can result in decreased soil productivity and diminishment of the soil resource, sometimes to the point of field abandonment. Indirect effects include siltation of streams and water bodies, which can increase the impacts of floods and disrupt waterborne transportation. However, there is much that humans can do to mitigate the impacts of accelerated erosion.

Soil Conservation Systems

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