• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Biota and Climate

  • By: Richard Field
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The word biota is a collective term, simply meaning “living organisms.” Strictly speaking this includes human beings, but here the focus is on nonhuman living things. Climate can be defined as the average weather conditions of a place, determined over a long enough period of time to ensure that the full range of conditions normally experienced is taken into account, while unusual conditions happening within the measurement period do not unduly influence the average. Climate is therefore commonly calculated from weather conditions over a period of 20 to 50 years and includes temperature, precipitation, daylight, and wind, among other variables. Biogeography focuses directly on the study of patterns of life in both space and time. The biotic environment is an important part of “the environment” ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles