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First Aid and the Family

  • By: Georg Bollig
  • In: Encyclopedia of Family Health
  • Edited by: Martha Craft-Rosenberg & Shelley-Rae Pehler
  • Subject:Family Health, Family Policy, Family Law

First aid is the immediate care by laypersons for humans or animals suffering from acute injury or illness. Simple first aid measures can be performed by anyone. First aid given by laypersons is an important factor in saving human lives.

History

Throughout history, humans have been caring for others, and people have given help to others in need. First aid is connected to the Red Cross movement, which was started by Henri Dunant after the battle of Solferino in 1859. First aid started as taking care of wounded people, especially soldiers. In the 1960s cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the A (airway control)-B (mouth-to-mouth breathing)-C (chest or cardiac compressions) of life were introduced.

Data from Seattle have shown that teaching resuscitation to the public can lead to more survivors of ...

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