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Discrimination, in its etymological sense, means the action and effect of making a distinction, or differentiating one person or thing from another. Discrimination itself is not morally wrong. When a company selects personnel, discrimination occurs in accordance with the profile required for the job, and this is not necessarily incorrect in ethical terms. However, in talking about discrimination, this word generally has a negative connotation, meaning “invidious discrimination.” In this sense, the common meaning of “discrimination” includes a judgment based on unacceptable ethical or legal motives, one of which involves religion.

Religious discrimination takes place when one person is treated less favorably than another is, has been, or would be treated in a comparable situation on the grounds of religion. The prohibition of religious discrimination covers ...

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