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Natural business ethics is the use of theories, concepts, and research from the natural sciences that provide insights into the ethical dilemmas, problems, and issues that occur in business organizations. The natural sciences most frequently involved are ecology, evolutionary biology, evolutionary psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and genetics, with thermodynamics, paleontology, primatology, and related anthropological sciences sometimes being used. In this approach, human behavior is understood to be the outcome of natural evolutionary forces that have produced behavioral traits, cognitive modules, and genetic systems that are positively and adaptively responsive to environmental challenges and opportunities of the earth's ecosystems. Business behavior, including that found in the large-scale business corporation, is a variant of naturally evolved human behavior and subject to the same natural forces, constraints, and opportunities. ...

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