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Legal rights are rights attributed by law. A “right” is an entitlement, which can operate as either an opportunity to do something or a restriction to prevent individuals from interfering with the rights of others. There is a set of rights, considered “natural rights,” which are considered universal—that is, they exist in nature—and are not contingent on particular beliefs. In contrast, while there is overlap sometimes between natural and legal rights, this is not always the case; legal rights exist by virtue of the laws that establish them and are not inherently connected to moral rights.

In the United States, the Constitution establishes fundamental rights in its first 10 amendments, called the Bill of Rights. It is here that rights such as free speech and ...

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