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Politically unstable throughout the 1980s, peace was achieved in El Salvador in 1992. The agreement between the existing government and leftists rebels paved the way for much-needed reform in El Salvador. Bordering on the northern Pacific Ocean, El Salvador has a coastline of 190 miles (307 kilometers) and is the only country in Central America that does not have a Caribbean coastline. Along the Pacific coast, the climate is tropical. The rainy season, which lasts from May to October, is followed by a six-month dry season. In the uplands, the climate is temperate. El Salvador's terrain is mountainous with a narrow coastal belt and central plateau.

Due to the presence of volcanic activity, El Salvador is sometimes called the Land of Volcanoes. The country is also ...

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