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Carbon dioxide (co2) is a chemical compound made up of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms. While it is a trace gas in the atmosphere in terms of volume, it is of central interest to atmospheric chemistry due to its capacity to trap incoming solar radiation in the atmosphere. For this reason, it has become known as a greenhouse gas, where increases of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere cause climate changes, which include global warming. Other greenhouse gases include methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), tropospheric ozone (O3), halocarbons (CFCs, HFCs, HCFCs), and water vapor (H2Ov). Carbon dioxide is the principle greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change and global warming, as increases in carbon dioxide have contributed most to climate change compared to other ...

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