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Desirable Difficulties Perspective on Learning

  • By: Robert Allen Bjork
  • In: Encyclopedia of the Mind
  • Edited by: Harold Pashler
  • Subject:Linguistics (general), Cognitive Psychology (general)

Instructors and students alike are susceptible to assuming that conditions of instruction that enhance performance during instruction are conditions that also enhance long-term learning. That assumption, however, is sometimes dramatically wrong: Manipulations that speed the apparent rate of acquisition of knowledge ...