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Deinstitutionalization

  • By: Daniel W. Phillips & Brittany Pike
  • In: Encyclopedia of Social Deviance
  • Edited by: Craig J. Forsyth & Heith Copes
  • Subject:Psychopathology, Crime & Deviance (general)

Deinstitutionalization of U.S. psychiatric hospitals dates back to the 1950s. In 1955, the average daily census was 640,000 patients of private and public psychiatric hospitals. By the 1980s, this number had dropped below 100,000. Three primary explanations can explain the significant ...

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