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Transitions, Health Effects, and Support

  • By: Jude P. Mikal, Ronald E. Rice, Audrey Abeyta & Jenica DeVilbiss
  • In: Encyclopedia of Health Communication
  • Edited by: Teresa L. Thompson
  • Subject:Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology, Health Communication

Transition is the behavioral and sociopsychological process of change between one previously established context and another and adaptation to the subsequent new contextual norms and outcomes. Transitions involve disruption of and adjustment to norms, expectations, social networks, and social capital, leading to increased stress and decreased well-being. Various forms of social support can help buffer the effects of such disruptions or directly improve outcomes. Computer-mediated communicated social support may provide and obtain such social support to cope with stress during transition.

Domains of transition include individual, familial, community, and societal. Five main characteristics of transition may influence the degree to which a transition is perceived as a threat and thus may foster stress: (1) anticipated versus unanticipated, (2) voluntary versus involuntary, (3) normative versus disruptive, (4) ...

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