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Bolivia

  • By: Andrea Tamas
  • In: Encyclopedia of Health Communication
  • Edited by: Teresa L. Thompson
  • Subject:Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology, Health Communication

As of 2012, Bolivia had a total population of about 10.5 million. Despite declining fertility rates (from 6.7 children per woman in the 1950s to 3.3 in 2010), the population has almost quadrupled since 1950 and is estimated to reach more than 16 million in 2050. With almost 3.3 children per woman, Bolivia has the second-highest fertility rate after Guatemala in the entire Americas region (South, Central, and North America). The 2008 Demographic Health Survey mentions that one-fifth of couples had an unmet need for family planning; they would have wanted to avoid or at least delay a pregnancy. Strikingly, some 26 percent of couples still use traditional family planning methods, primarily periodic abstinence, and even in the wealthiest one-fifth of households, use of modern ...

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