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Confucius (551–479 BCE, China) was the first philosopher to offer systematic views on the values, purposes, and methods of education. While working as a consultant on classics, morality, rituals, and statecraft and holding offices to implement his ideals of good government, Confucius started his own school. It was one of the first in China. Confucian views on education have strongly influenced the educational systems and policies of China, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea for more than 2,000 years. The essence of his thought is that education is a learner-initiated quest for human excellence, which is of supreme value for individuals and society. The major source of his philosophy is the Analects, a collection of his teachings and conversations with his disciples. It was compiled after his ...

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