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Capability Approach: Martha Nussbaum and Amartya Sen

The capability approach (also known as the capabilities approach) is a theoretical and normative framework concerned with well-being, the just design of institutional and social arrangements, poverty, and human development. The approach was originally pioneered within political philosophy and welfare economics by Nobel laureate Amartya Sen and was further developed by the philosopher Martha Nussbaum and, more recently, by many other scholars.

During the past three decades, the capability approach has influenced a wide range of academic research, including philosophical theories of social justice and the domains of social policy and development studies, as well as the work of international agencies, for example, the United Nations Development Programs and Reports. The approach has also increasingly informed studies in education with a particular focus on questions of ...

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