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Virtue ethics is an umbrella term covering a group of theories that argue for a primary or central role for the concepts of “virtue” and “character.” The modern revival of interest in virtue ethics focuses mainly on Aristotelian ideas of eudaimonistic ethics, although alternative accounts of virtue ethics take inspiration from the writings of Plato, David Hume, and Friedrich Nietzsche. This entry concentrates on Aristotelian virtue ethics, as this account of the virtues has been the most influential in the literature and has the most to say about moral education.

The revival of virtue ethics starting in the past decades of the 20th century has gone through two distinct phases. The first phase was a time of discontent with and critique of the other two alternative, ...

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