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In his masterpiece Democracy and Education (1916), John Dewey pointed out that due to the ineluctable facts of the death of its members and the birth of their replacements, all societies face the need to reproduce their cultures, structures, and institutions, and education is the main process by which this is accomplished. More recent scholars across many of the modern social sciences have been interested in the processes and forces by which societies reproduce what can be regarded as their positive features, but they have displayed special interest in the ways in which their economic inequalities and differences in political power and status are preserved and reproduced over the generations. It has appeared obvious to many—following in Dewey’s footsteps—that education plays an important role in ...

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