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Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) is recognized as one of the most influential figures in the history of Western philosophy: the paradigmatic philosopher of the European Enlightenment. It is important to view Kant’s work on education in light of his other work in order to understand a central topic, namely, his views on the philosophy of education—a daunting task even for the most dedicated Kantian scholar. This entry outlines some of the more valuable themes and discussions through this challenging and difficult territory, starting with an account of Kant’s views on the aims of education. It then briefly presents some ideas concerning efficacy and autonomy, virtue and duty, cosmopolitanism and the highest good, and the power of judgment, and it ends with some remarks on two kinds ...

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