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Individual Psychology: Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler (1870–1937) was an Austrian medical doctor who founded the psychological school of thought known as individual psychology. Contrary to popular belief, Adler was not a Freudian or a neo-Freudian but rather one of the originators of the psychoanalytic viewpoint alongside Sigmund Freud. Although he did work closely with Freud for some time, Adler’s genius required that he part ways with Freud to dedicate himself to the development of his own unique viewpoint. Unlike Freud, Adler was quite pedagogical in orientation and actively advocated for an individual psychological approach to education. In 1919, Adler opened his first child guidance clinic in Vienna. News of his template for a less authoritarian, more democratic approach to education began to spread, and he was soon invited to ...

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