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While there is no agreed-upon definition of community cohesion, there is general consensus that it includes the following elements: (1) people in the community share common values, respect each other, and have a common identity; and (2) people in the community share goals and responsibilities and are willing to work with others. Empowerment is the result of community cohesion; it refers to the ability of neighborhood residents to work together to decide what is best for the community and to transform these decisions into action and desired outcomes. Community cohesion and empowerment are processes rather than outcomes; that is, they entail an ongoing effort by people in the community to work together to achieve shared goals. Fostering a strong sense of community is one of ...

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