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California Laws and Programs

  • By: Stephen T. Schroth, Jason A. Helfer & Jordan K. Lanfair
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

California's location, temperate climate, and diverse population have caused it to play a central role in drug policy initiatives for over a century. Its coastal location and proximity to the Mexican border have made it a key player in national drug enforcement initiatives. California's Mediterranean climate allows the cultivation of many crops, both legal and illegal, that can be used for recreational purposes. A continual inflow of residents, from other states and foreign countries, has created an atmosphere where illegal drugs often are available and the attitude toward these substances is frequently more accepting.

California's great size has also provided it with the resources and influence to affect national policies as well as those in neighboring states. Its attitude toward, and acceptance of, progressive policies such ...

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