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United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs

  • By: Victor B. Stolberg
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

The United Nations (UN) Convention Against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is the most sweeping international policy measure ever crafted to control drug trafficking. It was largely pushed for by the United States as an extension of its own drug enforcement efforts exemplified by the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. The Convention represents one of the primary vehicles for the escalation of the international war on drugs.

Background

The UN Convention Against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances followed a long tradition of international agreements, conventions, and protocols that addressed drugs. Two early agreements promulgated in 1912 were the International Opium Convention, signed at The Hague, and the Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating ...

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