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Turkey

  • By: Geoffrey F. Gresh
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Turkey, located partially in southeastern Europe and partially in southwestern Asia, borders the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east, Iraq and Syria to the south, Georgia to the northeast, and Bulgaria and Greece to the northwest. Once a major producer of illicit opium and heroin, the government now maintains strict controls over areas of legal opium poppy cultivation. Although Turkey is no longer a major producer of illegal drugs, imported morphine base is still converted to heroin in remote regions, and Turkey remains a key transit route for southwest Asian heroin to western Europe and, to a lesser extent, the United States. Rates of drug use in Turkey are low ...

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