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Switzerland

  • By: John H. Barnhill
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Switzerland, a European country bordering Austria, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, and Germany, is a collection of ethnicities with four official languages. The Federal Council is the executive branch. Under Switzerland's federal structure, each of the 26 cantons has its own government, including responsibility for enforcement of drug laws.

Swiss drug policy is based on four pillars: Prevention, Treatment, Harm Reduction, and Enforcement. Prevention measures aim to prevent drug use among individuals, especially children and youth, to prevent casual drug users from becoming addicts, and to prevent drug-related harms from spilling over to society. Treatment measures are designed to help drug addicts quit using drugs, reintegrate them into society, and improve their physical and mental health. Harm reduction projects include needle exchanges for drug addicts, injection sites, and ...

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