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Heroin Trafficking Act

  • By: Jennifer M. Cameron & Ronna J. Dillinger
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

The Heroin Trafficking Act was introduced in 1973 in response to the dramatic rise in heroin use in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It was aimed at increasing the sentences for morphine and heroin trafficking and possession offenses. The proposed penalties included mandatory minimum sentences for first offenses in trafficking, denial of parole and probation in most cases, and mandatory life sentences for repeated trafficking offenses of over four ounces. Ultimately, however, the proposed Heroin Trafficking Act was not passed and was never implemented.

Background

During the 1960s research concluded that mandatory minimum sentences for drug offenses had not been effective in reducing the nation's drug problem. In 1970 the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act eliminated most of the ...

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