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Bilingual Education in China

The concept and institutional practice of bilingual education in China must be considered in terms of the People's Republic of China's (PRC) two models of nation-state building: the Soviet model of multinational state, and the Chinese model of one nation with diversity (zhuanghua minzu duoyuan yiti). The PRC's idea of nation-state building has been evolving around these two models since 1949. Bilingual education is a key component of these models and serves the ultimate goals of nation-state building.

China is a multilingual country where more than 130 languages are spoken by various ethnic/national groups. When it adopted the Soviet model in 1949, the PRC formed a central government with directly ruled and autonomous local governments, constitutionally recognizing the equality of all nationalities, granting regional autonomy to ...

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