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Sex Role Stereotypes and Gender Differences

Gender differences refer to the myriad ways in which males and females may differ, including within the social, biological, and cognitive domains. Sex stereotypes are typically biased and unsubstantiated beliefs about the particular characteristics and attributes of males and females. This entry provides an overview of research in both areas, with particular emphasis on how gender differences and sex role stereotyping intersect to influence development in children and adolescents. Topics to be discussed include the various theories proposed to account for the formation of sex stereotypes, the major gender differences obtained in research relevant to education, and an analysis of how the latest research on these two important topics can be used to better inform educational policy. Although a comprehensive assessment of how gender shapes ...

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