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Philippines, Education of Ethnic Minorities in

  • By: Rowena Anthea Azada-Palacios & Pamela Joy Mariano
  • In: Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education
  • Edited by: James A. Banks
  • Subject:Diversity & Consistency, Sociology of Education (general)

The Philippines is an archipelago with more than 88 million inhabitants (as of the 2007 census) who belong to 182 ethnic groups and who speak almost as many languages. The country's broad diversity, coupled with its colonial history, has shaped the directions that education has taken. Issues of national identity and inclusiveness have been just as significant as discussions about learning competencies and educational achievement.

This entry begins by providing overviews of the ethnocultural diversity in the Philippines and the Philippine educational system. It then discusses two areas where major developments have occurred that address the needs of ethnocultural minorities: medium of instruction and culture-based curricula.

Background
Ethnocultural Minorities in the Philippines

In the Philippines, the phrase ethnocultural minorities is often used to refer to those groups whose cultures ...

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