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Multicultural Special Education

This entry explains the history of the legal provision of special education services for all children attending public schools in the United States and summarizes the law's key principles. It is explained that, against the historical background of the eugenics movement, the overrepresentation of children of color emerged as a covert use of special education to continue school segregation after the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 desegregation ruling of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. Despite several lawsuits and increasing legal requirements for nondiscriminatory practice, children of color continue to be overrepresented in special education disability categories and underrepresented in programs for the gifted and talented. Arguments explaining the continuing pattern are summarized and current attempted remedies are noted.

Legal Requirements for Special Education ...
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