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Equity, Educational

In the 2007 book by Simon Field, Malgorzata Kuczera, and Beatriz Pont, No More Failures: Ten Steps to Equity in Education—published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)—equity in education is defined as composed of fairness and inclusion. Fairness can be thought of as ensuring that people do not encounter irrelevant obstacles toward achieving their human potential. Inclusion implies the existence of a minimum standard of education that is guaranteed for everyone.

Inequality

Historically, educators have invoked a range of theoretical and ethical groundings for how they think about, study, and act upon issues of student diversity in schooling. Psychologists during the 1960s, for instance, invoked notions of individual differences and whether such differences are inherited or due to students' life experiences; the often virulent ...

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