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Education and Transgender Diversity in Asia

The word transgender covers two broad sets of personal traits: cross-gender (or gender-variant) behavior, and cross-gender (or gender-variant) identity. This entry explains these concepts, examines the cultural background and experience of transgender students in Asia, and briefly examines the status of transgender diversity education in Asia.

Some students and adults simply engage in cross-gender behavior. They identify as members of their birth-assigned sex but express their gender in a way atypical for the culture in which they live. For example, they may enjoy playing, socializing, and even dressing in a way strongly associated with the other gender.

In contrast, students and adults with gender-variant identities actually identify as members of a gender other than the one that matches their birth-assigned sex. A female will identify as a ...

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