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Doctoral Training Programs, Racial/Ethnic Diversity in

  • By: Sylvia Hurtado, Gina Garcia, Minh Tran & Kevin Eagan
  • In: Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education
  • Edited by: James A. Banks
  • Subject:Diversity & Consistency, Sociology of Education (general)

This entry examines racial/ethnic diversity in doctoral education with a particular emphasis on issues of access and persistence for underrepresented racial minorities (URMs). Scholars have examined the graduate educational experiences of URMs and have found that factors of financial aid, campus racial climate, socialization, research productivity, and mentorship influence their progression to and through doctoral programs. Understanding these factors is critical to the success of institutional efforts to increase racial diversity in the doctoral education pipeline.

Overview and Background

Since the first doctorate was awarded in the United States in 1861, the number of U.S. citizens and permanent residents receiving doctoral degrees has increased at a steady rate, with large increases occurring after World War II and in the 1960s. In 1976, the National Board of Graduate ...

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