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African Americans, Education of New Immigrant Groups

African, Afro-Caribbean, and Afro-Latin American immigrants constitute a steadily growing population of new arrivals to the United States each year. The U.S. Census estimates indicate that about 10% of these newcomers are children under the age of 18. As new immigrants, these children face many of the same challenges in U.S. schools as their counterparts migrating from other parts of the world. However, unique characteristics also distinguish the educational experiences of the “other African Americans,” a term coined by Yoku Shaw-Taylor and Steven Tuch. This entry describes the factors that influence the education of Black immigrant youth, including a model/non-model minority dichotomy; racism, invisibility, and identity; linguistic diversity; and previous schooling experiences.

Model/Non-Model Minority Dichotomy

In the 1970s, anthropologist John Ogbu developed a controversial theory for what ...

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