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Cyprus, Intercultural Education in

The sociohistorical context of Cyprus entails various consequences for intercultural education. Since 1960, Cyprus has been an independent, sovereign republic. Cyprus is a small island situated at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey, west of the Levant, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece. Cyprus has always demonstrated a unique historical context because of its strategic geographical location at the crossroads of civilizations that has led to a continuous conflicts and conquests. The 1960 constitution of the Republic of Cyprus recognizes the Turkish-Cypriot and Greek-Cypriot groups as the two major communities of the island and establishes Greek and Turkish as official languages. Armenians, Maronites, and Latins constitutionally belong to the Greek-Cypriot community, and the Turkish-speaking Roma (Gypsies of Cyprus) are affiliated ...

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